Fish

Types of Fish in Bear Pond

Big & Little Bear provide good fishing for warm water game fish such as bass and pickerel.  Since the Pond is relatively shallow and warm, there are no cold water species such as trout and salmon.

Northern Pike  **ALERT**

northernpike

Common Name:  Northern Pike
Other Names:  Pike, Northerns
Scientific Name:  Esox lucius
Origin:  Introduced

Adult Size:  Sexual maturity is generally reached between 3-5 years of age, at which time pike may average between 24-30 inches long and weigh 3.5 to 7.5 pounds. Pike exceeding 30 pounds have been caught in Maine.

Identifications: Scales are present on the upper half of the gill cover, but are absent on the lower half. The cheek area (located just forward of the gill plate), is fully scaled. Pike usually have five pairs of sensory pores along the underside of the lower jaw. The cheeks and gill covers of chain pickerel are fully scaled, and generally only four pairs of sensor pores are present on the lower jaw. The pattern of markings is typically very different on adult and juvenile pike. Juvenile pike possess wavy, white to yellow vertical bars. Adults have shorter markings arranged in a more horizontal configuration. Pike can hybridize with chain pickerel, and the resulting hybrid may possess markings common to either or both species.  Know the difference between Northern Pike and Chain Pickerel.

**The illegal introduction of any fish into any Maine water is a Class E crime, punishable by fines up to $10,000! The Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife is offering a minimum reward of $2,000 for information leading to the apprehension of persons responsible for the illegal introduction of fish. Call Operation Game Thief at 1-800-253-7887.

Smallmouth Bass  **ALERT**
smallmouthbass

Common Name:  Smallmouth Bass
Other Names:  Smallie, Smallmouth Black Bass, Black Bass, Brown Bass, Green Bass
Scientific Name:  Micropterus dolomieu
Origin:  Introduced

Adult Size: Smallmouth bass commonly live 5-7 years, with a few individuals reaching ages from 10-20 years. Most bass waters grow some adults to weights of 2-3 pounds. In Maine, only a few exceed 4 pounds, and bass heavier than 5 pounds are rare. The state record smallmouth bass is 8 pounds.

Identification: Bass are members of the sunfish family. The upper jaw of smallmouth bass does not extend beyond the back of the eye. The notch between the spiny and the soft-rayed section of the dorsal fin is not deep.

Largemouth Bass  **ALERT**

largemouthbass (1)Common Name: Largemouth Bass
Other Names: Black Bass, Largemouth
Scientific Name: Micropterus salmoides
Origin: Introduced

Adult Size: The typical largemouth bass in Maine is 12-16 inches long and weigh 1-3 pounds, with occasional fish up to 7-8 pounds.

Identification: Largemouths are dark olive green on the back with light green sides shading to a white belly. A dark mottled band extends along the sides. The upper part of the mouth extends past the eye. Smallmouth bass are similar in appearance, but the upper jaw ends below the eye.

To build a better bass fishery, anglers are asked not to take bass off spawning beds, thereby giving fry a better chance of survival.

Chain Pickerel

pickerel (1)Common Name: Chain Pickerel
Other Names: Pickerel, Chainsides, Eastern Pickerel
Scientific Name: Esox niger
Origin: Native

Adult Size: Most of the pickerel caught in Maine are age 3-5, at which time they range in length from 14-19 inches. Productive waters grow good numbers of 2-3 pound fish, along with occasional 4 pound fish. The state record, caught in 1992, weighed 6 pounds, 13 ounces.

Identification: Pickerel are a member of the pike family. The fish is green with the sides prominently marked by yellow-green areas broken by dark, interconnecting lines resembling the links of a chain. The jaws are elongated containing large, sharp teeth; the large dorsal fin is located way back towards the caudal fin, which is forked.  Know the difference between Chain Pickerel and Northern Pike.

White Perch

whiteperch (1)Common Name: White Perch
Other Names: Perch, Silver Perch
Scientific Name: Morone americana
Origin: Native

Adult Size: Size can vary greatly according to the type of habitat and the density of the perch population. A 6-year old perch can be anywhere from 6 to 12 inches long. The average 8 to 10 inch perch weighs about 0.45 pounds and is about 4 years old.

Identification: The white perch is a spiny-finned fish with large, easily seen scales. The fish is dark gray-green on the back and upper sides and the color gradually changes to silver on the sides below the lateral line to white on the belly. In clear waters, the white perch exhibits a bluish tint on the lower jaw.

Yellow Perch

yellowperch (1)Common Name: Yellow Perch
Other Names: Perch, Lake Perch, American Perch
Scientific Name: Perca flavescens
Origin: Native

Adult Size: Yellow perch normally range from 6 to 12 inches in length and weigh from 1/4 to 1 pound. Larger yellow perch, up to 15 inches and 1.6 pounds, are occasionally caught in Maine.

Identification: The top of the head and back is bright green to olive in color; sides are yellowish-green to golden yellow with 6 to 8 dark vertical bands; belly area ranges from yellow to white; pectoral, pelvic and anal fins vary in color from pale yellow to bright orange.

Brown Bullhead

brownbullheadCommon Name: Brown Bullhead
Other Names: Bullhead, Hornpout, Catfish
Scientific Name: Ameiurus nebulosus
Origin: Native

Adult Size: In Maine, adult bullheads are usually about 10 inches long and weigh less than one pound. Fish up to 14 inches are occasionally caught, but fish 18 inches and larger are rare in Maine.

Identification: As the name implies, the brown bullhead is dark brown to olive green on the back, with mottled sides, and a creamy white belly. Individuals having white patches on their sides and back are common in some Maine waters. Brown bullheads have a thick rounded body, a broad, somewhat flattened head with a distinctive set of “whiskers’ around the mouth called barbels. The dorsal and pectoral fins have sharp saw tooth spines at their base that can be locked in an erect position. The caudal fin is square and there is a pronounced adipose fin. They have no scales on their skin.

Illegal Fish Stockings Threaten Maine Lakes and Rivers:  Maine’s lakes and rivers have been plagued with an epidemic of illegal fish introductions that pose real and immediate threats to our native fish fauna.